Companies

Using AI In An Uncertain World

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Like anything else in life except death and taxes (and even the particulars of these are uncertain), uncertainty is something that humans deal with every day. From relying on the weather report for umbrella advice to getting to work on time, every day actions are fraught with uncertainty and we all have learned how to navigate an unpredictable world. As AI becomes widely deployed, it simply adds a new dimension of unpredictability. Perhaps, however, instead of trying to stuff the ...

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2016 – Roundups on AI/Cognitive Computing

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As the days finally start to get longer and the year comes to a close, the trade press, and even the broader media, have a hard time resisting the urge to sum up what’s gone on in the past twelve months, and sometimes to look ahead.

For AI and Cognitive Computing, 2016 proved to be a breakout year in a number of ways, and we offer here links to three different and interesting perspectives.

In Software Development Times, Christina Cardoza enumerates the ...

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Amazon Introduces AWS Cloud Cognitive Services

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Amazon used its AWS re:Invent event in Las Vegas to introduce the first cognitive APIs available through Amazon Web Services. Rekognition, Polly, and Amazon Lex are three new featured services. They enable, respectively: object & facial recognition and categorization; text to speech conversion based on deep learning; and a forthcoming Alexa AI service for natural language question answering.

With Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Baidu, and IBM all publishing advanced AI-oriented APIs and services, Amazon is joining a crowded field—not, however as a ...

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Facebook Attempts to Minimize the Importance of Fake News & Filter Bubble Problems

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“The problem with Facebook’s influence on political discourse is not limited to the dissemination of fake news. It’s also about echo chambers. The company’s algorithm chooses which updates appear higher up in users’ newsfeeds and which are buried. Humans already tend to cluster among like-minded people and seek news that confirms their biases. Facebook’s research shows that the company’s algorithm encourages this by somewhat prioritizing updates that users find comforting.”

So writes Zeynep Tufekci, an associate professor at the University of North ...

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Notes from World of Watson 2016

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IBM’s World of Watson served up an impressive smorgasbord this year: topnotch speakers, thought provoking research, roving robots, and Olli, a self-driving bus/tour guide. For those of us who have tracked cognitive computing since its beginning, the most impressive part of the conference was its size: 17,000 people trekking among multiple venues, hundreds of exhibitors. It’s apparent that AI and cognitive computing and IoT are all converging, and that it’s difficult to tease them apart.

Aside from the mandatory linguistic aspects ...

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Under Micro Focus, formerly HPE Autonomy Assets Face Uncertain Future In Cognitive Computing

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The announcement that HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise) has spun out most of its software assets to UK-based Micro Focus International plc indicates that the company is adopting a strategy of retreat from the fast-moving but nascent field of cognitive computing.

Micro Focus has had a successful run up on the London Stock Exchange since the beginning of the year. On the news of the deal, the stock value spiked: it is now up 45% year-to-date. While this should be good news ...

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Pursuing AI Research in a Context of Human Ethics

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The New York Times is reporting an nascent effort on the part of leading commercial companies with AI research programs, including Alphabet, Facebook, Microsoft, IBM, and Amazon, to work together in self-regulating the interactions of social and ethical considerations with AI research.

The Times report is here:

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/02/technology/artificial-intelligence-ethics.html?ref=technology

The big 5 are discussing a collaboration to devise a framework to insure ethical research and development efforts, as artificial intelligence and cognitive computing systems increasingly enter into and in some cases direct decision ...

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Susan Feldman Presents Cognitive Application Framework at CSIG

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Sue Feldman presented her work on developing a framework for analyzing cognitive computing applications at the Cognitive Systems Institute Group Speaker Series on September 1, 2016.

She described a general framework integrating business value, application behavior, technology deployed, and data sources curated. She also offered her views on the emerging continuum of cognitive applications, ranging from tightly honed expert systems to open, exploratory kinds of applications designed to promote serendipity.

Interaction context is another foundation element in cognitive applications, and Sue presented ...

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HP Announces API Combinations for Cognitive App Development

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HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise) has announced a new offering and marketplace infrastructure with the enviable title of HPE Haven OnDemand Combinations, designed to accelerate the development of “next generation cognitive applications.” The combinations are preconfigured sets or chains of APIs which have been available from HPE in the IDOL on-premise software and more recently offered in a variety of freemium and commercial packages through HPE’s Haven OnDemand cloud services.

HPE’s description of the new functionality can be found here:

https://community.havenondemand.com/t5/Blog/Introducing-the-fastest-way-to-add-intelligence-to-all-your-apps/ba-p/3227

Any application ...

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Approaches to Artificial Neuron Processing: Phase Change Materials et. al.

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IBM has announced multiple projects in its program to design a new generation of chips that might achieve orders-of-magnitude improvements in power and efficiency. The general model for this research is the low power consumption, highly connected, extremely flexible and adaptable human brain.

This week, the firm’s Zurich-based semiconductor unit published a report of their work in Nature Nanotechnolgy. The article describes their success at using phase change materials to create artificial neurons.

Find a summary of the work here:

http://siliconangle.com/blog/2016/08/03/ibm-develops-new-artificial-neurons-that-process-data-like-the-human-brain/

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